Alphabets in some Languages
Era calendar conversions.
Miscellaneous coin information
Numbers in some languages
Poems and fun facts about coins
As Grave Cast bronze coins of ancient Roman republic.
As Rude Lumps of bronze used as money in ancient Rome.
Anepigraphic Without an inscription or legend on the reverse side of the coin.
Antoninianus Double denarius coin. Roman emperor Caracalla (211-217 CE) introduced as a pure silver coin but soon debased to 3 percent silver. Depiction of emperor's portrait with a radiate crown is it's uniqueness.
AR Symbolic representation of silver in numismatic nomenclature.
AV Symbolic representation of gold in numismatic nomenclature.
Billion Silver and copper alloy with equal proportions by weight. Primarily used to make low denomination coins.
Brass Alloy of copper and zinc used to make low denomination coins in ancient Greece, Rome and China.
Bronze Alloy of copper (90%) and tin (10%) used to make
low denomination coins.
Commemorative coin Coin issued to commemorate an event or a person.
Crenate To mill the edge of a coin
Cash Name of most common chinese copper/bronze coins with a square hole.
Cast coin A coin made by pouring molten metal into molds.
Colony word colonus is a Latin word for "cultivator" or "farmer." Colonia literally means the "collective of farmers." Colonies set up under the auspices of the Roman state played a vital part in the subjugation of Italy and it the spread of Roman influence.
Denarius Silver coin of Roman republic and empire.
Denier Silver coin of medieval europe.
Dinar Gold coin of Islamic empires and countries.
Dirham Silver coin of Islamic empires and countries.
Dollar Standard monetary unit of the United States of America.
Doubloon Spanish gold coins of seventeenth century.
Drachma Standard Silver coin of ancient Greece.
Ducat Gold coin of middle ages in europe. First in 1284
in Venice, Italy.
Electrum Naturally occurring amalgam of gold and silver.
Epigraphy Study of ancient inscriptions.
Exergue The space at the bottom of a coin on
the reverse side, sometimes separated by a line.
Flan Blank disc of metal of proper size, quality and weight to make a coin.
Florin First introduced in 1252 CE as a gold coin in Florence, Italy. Later, silver coins of Austria and England were also used that name.
Follis Roman base silver coin issued by Emperor Diocletian.
A copper coin of of Byzantine empire.
Gros (Grosso) A large silver coin of european nations.
Griffin Greek mythological being with a body
of a lion, wings and head of an eagle.
Incuse Stamping a recessed image into the surface of a coin as opposed to image rise in relief.
Ingot A bar or lump of precious metal to a
Legend Inscription in a circle around the outside
of the coin.
Mint mark Symbol or letters in the design of
coin to indicate the mint of its origin.
Obverse Front or 'head' side of the coin, usually
with an image of a portrait or symbol of the issuing authority.
Punch A tool to stamp a design on a planchet
(a flat piece of metal or coin blank)
Reverse Back or 'tail' side of the coin, usually
denotes the value of the coin.
S.C. Abbreviation of Senatus Consulto (with the approval of Roman senate). Part of the legend on the ancient roman empire coins to denote the approval of the senate for the issue of those coins.
Shekel Coin of ancient Judaea, Phoenicia and modern Israel.
Siglos Silver coin of ancient Persian empire.
Stater Principal and standardized gold or silver coin of ancient Greeks and Celts.
Taler Large silver coin of German states of 1600s. The name Taler comes from the mint St. Jachimsthal where these large silver coins were minted first. Dollar is anglicized word of german Taler or Thaler.
Uniface Coin stuck with design on one side only.