316 - 168 BCE
After Alexander III died, Philip III (Alexander's mentally deficit half brother) and Alexander's baby son were made joint rulers of his Macedonian Empire with Perdiccas as their regent and the generals of Alexander as the satrapies. Perdiccas was killed by his own colonels - Peithon, Antigenes and Seleucus in the campaign against Ptolomy in Egypt. Antipater was appointed as new regent and organized a conference at Triparadisus (Syria) in 320 BCE. Antipater divided the Empire between all the generals and returned to Macedonia with Philip III, Alexander's wife Roxane and Alexander IV to rule as regent. Polyperchon become regent after Antipater's death in 319 BCE. Philip III Arrhidaeus was murdered by Olympias (mother of Alexander III) in 317 BCE. Cassander drove Polyperchon out of Macedonia and captured Roxane & Alexander IV in 316 BCE. Alexander IV and Roxane were murdered by Cassander in 310 BCE and declared himself the King. He ruled Macedonia untill his death in 297 BCE. Cassander's sons ruled briefly. Demetrius Poliorcetes occupied Macedonia and declared himself the King in 294 BCE. He started the Antigonid dynasty of Macedonia that lasted till 168 BCE with a brief interruption.
Alexander's successors continued to issue coins in the name of Alexander the Great but slowly they also started issuing coins with their names.
List of Macedonian Kings / Rulers
House of Antipater
316 - 294 BCE
Cassander 316-297 BCE
Philip IV 297 BCE
(ruled 4 months - no known coins of his time)
Alexander V 296-294 BCE
(No known coins of his time)
294 - 168 BCE
Demetrius Poliorcetes 294-287 BCE
Interruption in Antigonid rule
Pyrrhus 287-285 and 274-273 BCE
Lysimachus 287 - 281 BCE
Ptolemy Ceraunus 281 - 279 BCE
Meleager 279 BCE
(ruled 2 months - no known coins of his time)
Antipater II 279 BCE
(ruled 45 days - no known coins of his time)
Antigonid Dynasty (restored)
Antigonus Gonatas II 277-239 BCE
Demetrius II 239-229 BCE
Antigonus III Doson 229-220 BCE
Philip V 220-179 BCE
Perseus 179-168 BCE
Philip V (starting in 197 BCE) gave the privilege of minting autonomous
coinage to the main cities Thessaloniki, Amphipolis & Pella,
various administrative districts like Amfaxitis & Bottiaea and
to the Confederacy of the Macedonians (Koinon).
Perseus was the last king of Macedonia to issue the royal coinage. Roman general L. Aemilius Paullus defeated the Macedonians in the battle of Pydna in 168 BCE ending the independent Macedonian Kingdom. Macedonia became a Roman protectorate from 168 - 148 BCE. It was divided into four regions called Merides. The most important production center of the coins was of Amphipolis, capital of the first Meris. Macedonia was incorporated into the Roman state as Provincia Macedonia in 148 BCE and Roman coinage was issued in Macedonia.
Arrian of Nicomedia., Sequel to Anabasis. Section 34-38. Byzantine excerpt of the Sequel to Anabasis by Photius (820-897 CE). Translation by John Rooke.
Ancient Country List